A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that hosts websites for customers, allowing them to make their website accessible on the World Wide Web. Companies that offer web hosting services are sometimes referred to as web servers. To host a website on the Internet, a person or company would need their own computer or server. This led to the emergence of web hosting services, which provide the necessary infrastructure to operate a website.
Website owners, also called webmasters, could create a website that would be hosted on the web hosting service's server and published on the web. In 1995, companies like GeoCities, Angelfire and Tripod began offering free hosting. The most basic is small-scale web page and file hosting, where files can be uploaded via File Transfer Protocol (FTP) or a web interface. Individuals and organizations can also obtain website hosting from alternative service providers.
The free web hosting service is offered by different companies with limited, sometimes ad-supported and often limited services compared to paid hosting. Hosting a single page is usually sufficient for personal websites. Personal website hosting is usually free, ad-sponsored, or inexpensive. Hosting business websites often has a higher expense depending on the size and type of site.
Many large companies that are not Internet service providers need to be permanently connected to the web to send emails, files, etc. The company can use the computer to host a website to provide details of its products and services and facilities for online orders. Internet hosting services can run web servers. The scope of web hosting services varies widely.
One's website is placed on the same server as many other sites, from a few sites to hundreds of websites. Generally, all domains can share a common set of server resources such as RAM and CPU. The features available with this type of service can be quite basic and not flexible in terms of software and updates. Resellers often sell shared web hosting, and web companies often have reseller accounts to provide hosting to customers.
Also known as a virtual private server (VPS), it divides server resources into virtual servers, where resources can be allocated in a way that does not directly reflect the underlying hardware. VPS are often allocated resources based on a relationship from one server to several VPS; however, virtualization can be done for several reasons, including the ability to move a VPS container between servers. Users can have root access to their own virtual space. Customers are sometimes responsible for applying patches and maintaining the server (unmanaged server) or the VPS provider may provide server administration tasks to the client (managed server).
It's similar to the dedicated web hosting service, but the user owns the colo server; the hosting company provides the physical space that the server occupies and takes care of the server. This is the most powerful and expensive type of web hosting service. In most cases, the colocation provider can provide little or no support directly to the customer's machine, providing only the electrical, Internet access and storage facilities for the server. In most cases, in case of a crash, the customer would have their own administrator visit the on-site data center to make any hardware updates or changes.
Previously, many colocation vendors accepted any system configuration for hosting, even those housed in desktop-type mini-towers, but most hosts now require rack-mount cabinets and standard system configurations. This is a new type of hosting platform that allows customers powerful, scalable and reliable hosting based on clustered servers with load balancing and utility billing. A website hosted in the cloud may be more reliable than alternatives since other computers in the cloud can compensate for the fall of a single piece of hardware. In addition, local power outages or even natural disasters are less of a problem for sites hosted in the cloud since cloud hosting provides redundancy across multiple systems.
Cloud hosting also allows providers to charge users only for the resources they consume rather than a fixed fee for an amount they expect to use or an initial investment in hardware with a fixed cost. Alternatively, lack of centralization may give users less control over their data location which could be an issue with data security or privacy according to GDPR guidelines. Cloud hosting users can request additional resources on demand only during periods of peak traffic while transferring IT management to cloud hosting service providers. Have multiple servers hosting same content for better use of resources? Clustered servers are perfect solution for highly available dedicated hosting or creating scalable web hosting solution.
A cluster can separate web server from hosting capacity of base. Web servers typically use cluster hosting for their shared hosting plans as massive client management has multiple benefits. This form of distributed hosting is when cluster of servers acts like network made up of several nodes. Generally single machine located in private residence can be used to host one or more websites from broadband connection normally suitable for consumers.